Do Not Just Have A Plan Practice

You may have read many books on different approaches to survival and also have viewed YouTube educational video clips. But until you really take the time and get out into the field with your survival gear and practice those skills yourself, all you will really have is a false sense of security that you would know what to do in a survival situation.

If you have not mastered these outdoor survival skills there is no time like the present to start practicing and learning those skills, and get to know all about your survival gear and what it can do for you. Bring with you a friend or family member that does have some of these outdoor skills along for some instruction and guidance. Do not forget to let someone like a friend, family member, park ranger know exactly where you are headed before you take off to your learning adventure.

Look for a suitable location for a campsite, You want a place that to stay high and dry. Avoid valleys and areas where water may flow toward you if it rains. Choose a site free from the natural dangers like insect nests and widow-makers, dead branches that may fall down with the wind, as well as areas that may have falling rocks. You will want to be close to resources like running water, dry wood, and resources from which you can build your shelter, and a fire. An area that has a rocky wall or a formation that can shield you from the elements can be a bonus.

In a prolonged survival situation building a shelter will be very important as hypothermia is the number one killer in cold weather conditions outdoors. This means that a well-insulated shelter should be your top priority. To make a simple lean-to find a downed tree resting at an angle, or set a large branch securely against a standing tree, and stack smaller branches close together on one side, then layer smaller branches, leaves, and moss, across the angled wall. Insulate yourself from the cold ground, which will draw heat from your warm body, by layering four to six inches of branches, leaves, and moss to lie on.

Building a fire has four key ingredients: a tinder bundle of dry fibrous material such as cotton balls covered in Vaseline or lip balm are an excellent choice, also a selection of wood in three sizes such as toothpick, Q-tip, and pencil size. Then use a forearm-sized log as a base for a windscreen for your tinder. When the tinder is lit, stack the smaller kindling against the larger log to allow oxygen to pass through and feed the flames. Then add larger kindling as the flame grows. Then add larger pieces of wood as needed.

Magnesium Fire Starter

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Watch Magnesium Fire Scraper on YouTube | Magnesium Fire Scraper on YouTube Channel

You should have found a source of clean water. There are two kinds of water in the wild, potable water that is already purified and clean, and then there is the water that can kill you. When it comes to questionable water which is essentially anything that has been on the ground long-term, such as puddles and stagnant small streams, your best option is to boil the water, which is 100 percent effective in killing pathogens. Sometimes boiling is not an option especially if you have no container to boil the water in.

Rain, snow, and dew are reliable sources of clean water you can collect with ease, and they will not need to be purified. With a couple of bandannas, you can collect two gallons of water in an hour by soaking up dew and ringing out into a cup. You can also squeeze water from vines, thistles, and certain cacti. If there are any maple trees around you can cut a hole in the bark and let the watery syrup flow, nature’s energy drink.

Plants “sweat” throughout the day, a process called transpiration. To take advantage of this clean, pure source of water put a clear plastic bag over a leafy branch and tie it tightly closed. When you return later in the day the water will have condensed on the inside of the bag and ready to drink.

You should learn about and know how to identify the various edible plants, as well as small critters like fish, frogs, and lizards that are safe to eat. Separating the plants you can eat from those that will kill you is a matter of study and memorization. Buy a book to familiarize yourself with plants in different environments. Do not take any chances if you are uncertain. A few common edible plants include cattail, lambs quarter (also called wild spinach), and dandelions.

Use a multi-pronged spear to catch animals. Hunting with a multi-pronged spear is the simplest way to catch anything from snakes to fish. Cut down a small tree or branch of about an inch in diameter, and then split the larger end with a knife (or sharp rock) into 3 to 4 equal sections ten inches down. Push a stick between the tines to spread them apart, and then sharpen the points. You now have got an easy-to-use 3 to 4 pronged spear. This method is much easier for catching food than one single sharp point.

Navigating By Day. If you ever find yourself without a GPS (or a map and compass) you can still utilize  the sky to find your way. The easiest method to get your bearings by day is to look at the sun. You can also use an analog watch to find the north-south line. Just hold the watch horizontally and point the hour hand at the sun. Imagine a line running exactly midway between the hour hand and 12 o’clock. This is the north-south line. (On daylight savings time, draw the line between the hour hand and one o’clock.)

Navigating By Night. Find the North Star, which is the end of the Little Dipper’s handle. If you can find the Big Dipper, draw a line between the two stars at the outer edge of the constellation’s dipper portion. Extend this line toward the Little Dipper, and it will line up with the North Star. Face the North Star, and you’re facing true north. If there is a crescent moon in the sky, connect the horns of the crescent with an imaginary line. Extend this line to the horizon to indicate a southerly bearing. Once you determine your direction, pick a landmark nearby or in the distance to follow by daylight.

Tying a Bowline knot. Knots come in handy for a slew of survival scenarios, tying snares, securing shelters, lowering equipment or yourself down a cliff face. You should have a good knowledge of tying knots, from hitches to bends to loops. But if you learn only one, learn the bowline. It’s the number one, go-to rescue knot, particularly when the rope will be loaded with weight: the harder you pull, the tighter the knot gets. The Bowline is also the easiest knot to undo.

Thanks to Youtube and NightHawkinLight

Signaling for help. When you have a debilitating injury, your only hope of getting saved is to maximize your visibility so that rescuers can find you. Two methods to help guarantee that if someone is looking for you that they will see you are the Fire, and the Mirror.

First a signal fire built out in the open for visibility. That means hilltops or clearings in a forest where nothing will disperse the smoke so the smoke and fire can readily be seen. Create a platform to raise the base of the fire off the ground so moisture doesn’t saturate the wood. Save your absolute best combustible material for your signal fire to guarantee a quick light. Once the fire is lit, pile on green branches, like pine boughs in winter, to produce thick smoke. You will need about 15 seconds of smoke, as that’s about all you’ve got when you hear a plane before it flies out of sight.

The second is a signal mirror. A flash from signal mirror, even at night, by moonlight, can be seen for miles. Improvise with any reflective surface you may have, from rear-view mirrors, headlights, to a cell phone screen. Aiming the reflection is the key, and it is simple. Hold out your two fingers in a peace sign and place your target, be it plane or boat, between your fingers. Then flash the reflection back and forth across your fingers.

Plan, prepare, protect, get through, hold on, hold out, make it, and keep body, soul and family together. You need a plan to prepare and to protect yourself and your family. Survival is the Strategy!”

Thanks for reading this. We would love to hear what your ideas are and what you have done to better prepare to master survival in the outdoors and how you practice and why, so please leave your comments below and share your thoughts.

This is a really good video which cover some of the post enjoy…

Thank to Youtube and to KennethKramm

Pack These 20 Items in your Survival Kit

Everybody should have an emergency survival kit or emergency kit. If something should happen, you will need to be prepared, have have to live with the basics for at least 3 days. The Red Cross recommends a 3 day supply for an evacuation from home and a minimum of a 14 day supply for the house. So just exactly what items and things are absolutely necessary to include in your survival/emergency kit? Well here is a list of 20 things youshould absolutely need to pack.

1. Water: This needs to be at the top of any survival or emergency kit. We can not live without water. We need water. Plan to include 1 gallon of water per person per day. Remember, this water is needed not just to drink, but also to wash with.

2. Bleach: Plan to also include bleach. If you have stored your water any length of time or it has been exposed to the air, then adding just a little bit of bleach will make it safe to drink in an emergency. 1 gallon of water needs about 8 drops of pure bleach to make it safe to drink.

3. Food: We need to eat. Again, plan for 3 days if you get evacuated and 14 days if you are able to stay at home. Include foods that will not spoil, and that are easy to prepare. Many stores sell survival food a good choice is where all you have to do to is add hot water to make it.

4. Utensils: are handy such as forks, knives, and spoons.

5. A Multi-utility tool: These are tools that have included several tools in one. You will most often find these including a flat-head screwdriver, scissors, a knife, pliers, a bottle opener, etc.

6. Flashlight: Make sure you have some form of light. In an emergency, most likely the power will be out and you will need the flashlight to get around in the dark at night. If you can find one that is solar powered or  a crank-able type, then all the better. In addition to a flashlight you may also want to bring some portable lights. Solar power lights are ideal. If you can find waterproof ones all the better. Not only are they good for light but for comfort also.

7. Radio: You will need a radio to listen to news and/or send out help messages. One that is hand-cranked is the better option.

8. Batteries: If your flashlight or radio are battery powered then you need to have extra batteries cache on hand.

9. Medication: If you are taking any kind of medication, make sure to keep at least a 7 day supply of it.

10. First-aid kit: You never know what will or can happen. You will require a first-aid kit at some point in time.

11. Toilet paper: Toilet paper is useful for so many things. Keep some in your survival kit too so you will have something to clean and wipe with, start a fire etc.

12. Toiletries: This would include toothbrushe, toothpaste, soap, and whatever else you use for hygiene and sanitation.

13. Underwear: So you can stay clean.

14. Copies of important personal documents: You will want to have these documents handy if you find that you can not go back to your house for whatever reason. These include passports, citizenship papers, driver’s licenses, medical information, birth certificates, and insurance information.

15. Cell phone with chargers: An extra cell phone battery may be helpful in case you do not have access to electricity, and cell service is available.

16. Important phone numbers: Keep a list of emergency contact information, local police, and family contact numbers.

17. Cash: If there is still some form of civilization you may need to purchase something and there are places still in operation, you need cash.

18. Emergency blanket: This is a thin thermal blanket that has many uses. Some are also reflective and can be used to make light signals.

19. Matches/Lighter: If you need to make a fire for heat, and cook you will need a match or some other form of starting a fire. If you can, choose one that is also waterproof and can be reused over and over again. Having a fire is also a good way to sterilize metal objects.

20. Maps: If you need to get somewhere and your usual routes are blocked, the map will help you plan an alternate route.

Plan Your Retreat

You have decided to start an emergency survival plan just in case that time comes. In your plan you are considering to go at it big time and have your own off grid homestead, to either live on or have it as a place to retreat to. Pretty big decision yes but one that will be well worth it.

Preparing for a  disaster is a never ending process, learning all there is about survival you now know that you will need to have a survival plan B; this survival plan B maybe include living on a homestead, or to live off grid. This choice will take time to accomplish but well worth it in the end. The best way to go about this is to do it in small steps, you really need to plan out just what you want to do and try to have a vision on what the outcome will be. You will then need to re-evaluate your emergency survival plan situation on a regular basis. A few of the items to consider; do you want to have some land in an area with like minded people or go it alone? Purchasing the land is important, the area selection, does it have running water, good soil, trees, good sunlight, . There will be lots of planning on the type of building and the type of energy sources you will require there will be some MUST HAVES: water, method of electricity,  food storage, possible livestock and chickens, and a method to defend yourself etc. There will certainly be lots of work but well worth it in the end. Then if it is just not for you there are lots of people looking to do the same you might have an easy sell, then move on to another emergency survival plan.

For some Homesteading Must Haves check this post out.

Watch this video on a couple that live in a condo but have an off grid retreat.

Check out the video on next page for a retreat update.

Attack Proof Your Home

Attack proof your home, the average home isn’t anywhere near as attack proof, protected and secure as we would like to think. Even worse than that, the conventional wisdom that is passed off as “house security recommendations and advice” is practically useless. All it really does is to help keep the honest people honest; it does not keep those bad people out. Why, do you know it is fairly easy to kick the average front door locked with a deadbolt wide open!
The issue is that a lot of house security procedures do not take into consideration an attack by armed enemies. All the security measures only help to keep out individuals who wish to quietly sneak into your home then sneak back out. If someone who really does not care about the noise these measures will not keep them out. After all, a locked window isn’t much of a deterrent to the attacker if they have a rock, tool, or baseball bat in hand.
The most typical and the easiest entry points for those robbers, aggressors, and criminals are the first floor windows and doors. To attack proof your home and make it more secure against these intruders start with these areas and make them stronger.

The Details

• Replace Hinge Screws. The screws holding your front door hinges are only around 3/4 inch long and will just go into the door frame. That is not very much security to relay on. Replacing these screws with 3-inch case-hardened screws, that are long enough the screws will go into the stud behind the frame. If you have hinges on the outside make sure you have NRP hinges. (None Removable Pins).
• Security Door Strikers. Deadbolt’s are great but only if they are installed into something strong enough to hold them. The typical door frame is wood, not metal. If it was metal, it would be real hard to kick it open. The metal striker plate is small and only mounted into the door frame. When kicked, the deadbolt will break the doorframe itself, which is the weakest part of the system (of course). By replacing the normal striker plate with a security striker plate, these can be 12 inches to 60 inches long, the force of the kick is spread over a larger area, making it a lot harder to break through the door open. Be sure to put the security striker in with 3-inch case hardened screws.
• Door Clubs. These devices connect the door knob side of the door to the floor. The drawbacks to this system are that it has to be manually locked after closing the door and cannot be opened from the outside. However, once in place, the door club makes it almost impossible to kick the door open. Any intruder would have to break the door down in order to get in, probably hurting themselves in the process.
• Replace Sliding Glass Doors. Sliding patio glass doors are the least secure area of any home. They are typically hidden at the back of the house, where neighbors can’t see what an intruder might be doing. The door might be difficult to pop off its track, but all it takes is a rock or hammer to turn that door into a pile of broken glass. Your best option is to install a regular entry door and apply the security measures mentioned above. Window Security Bars. Like the sliding glass door, windows are easy to break through if the intruder doesn’t care about broken glass. The best solution for this is to install security bars. The bars attach to the brick or siding of the home. While it would be possible to get them off by hooking a chain to a truck, they make it impossible to easily break in through a window.
• Window Security Film. If you don’t like the idea of putting burglar bars over your windows, cover the inside of them with security film. This usually has to be installed by a professional installer, but since this precaution protects the window from breaking, it’s well worth the effort. An intruder would have to pound on the window with a hammer to get it to break. The film is also great for protection and safety in an earthquake.

Continued on next page.

Checkout the video on the next page.

What Plans Do You Have In Mind?

Sometimes, the best Emergency Preparedness Plans comes in the form of avoidance. This can be especially true when the emergency happens way out of your expectations and you are not readily equipped with all the necessary survival tools to allow you manage to stay safe and recover from the emergency. Fire is one of the emergencies that you may not have expected to occur at all, but it does happen. It helps if you are able to come up with some early emergency preparedness plans as you’ll never know when an emergency will creep up on you and bite you in the rear. Below are some ideas that you may want to consider when preparing your “Emergency Preparedness Plans”:

1. If you are thinking of purchasing some property to build a home, as your first emergency preparedness attempt you should find out more about the property. What type of land is it situated on is it bedrock base or a sand type base? A lot of areas are not doing these types of studies. Where I live in the Northwest of North America it is a very high seismic zone, so the area I live in the surrounding areas have been tested and are given a rating. Unfortunately for me when I purchased there was no studies done and the piece of property I purchased is on a sand base (My home may just slide away). So take the time to find out if the property or home you are thinking of purchasing is located within an active fault line, a passageway of typhoon or a place where swamp is likely to occur. You should also take the time to check out what type of area you live in now so that you can get prepared. This will give you a better idea of how to go about getting prepared.

2. Once you’ve chosen a property to purchase and you are going to build, work with a contractor who knows about the area and who can build you a safe home for the type of emergency type of disaster you may expect. If you already own your home you should check to see if any studies have been done on the types of emergency disasters you may expect in your area. You should then have your home inspected to check its level of sturdiness and make upgrades as required. Make sure the house is built with various entrance and exits, this is a very good emergency preparedness plan should you need to escape from your home immediately.

3. In your Emergency Preparedness Plans make it clear that everybody in the family should be ready just in case an emergency appears. Let your family know of your emergency preparedness plan so that everyone understands what he or she should do when emergency strikes. You might want to create a spot where everyone is supposed to meet up when an emergency appears. The spot can either be outside or somewhere safe. Everyone should have contact numbers to get in contact with each other. A great idea is to have an out of town contact, this way information can be passed on.

4. Your “Emergency Plan” once completed should always be looked at and revised when necessary. Plus you plan is of no use if you and your family do not take the time to practice. Take the time to practice fire drills, earthquake drills, evacuation plans, etc. with your family members this is vital, you want to ensure that everybody understands his or her role upon the occurrence of fire or any other types of disasters when they hit. You are encouraged to contact the local authorities and emergency preparedness centers as they are ready to lend a helping hand.

5. If you have children does their childcare or school have an emergency plan in place? If they do not it may be up to you and other parents to get involved and start working on one. If they do have a plan you may want to take a look at it and see if it is sufficient, if not you may want to point it out or get involved and make changes. I did just that when my kids started school, they had a plan but it was not much of a plan as I saw it so I got involved. It was hard at the start as the school was in a union and they were saying I was taking someone’s job. They left me alone after a while as I pointed out that maybe their Safety Officer was not doing their job, plus they had no clue. I have not been involved for a few years now but the same plan is still in effect.

6. Do you have family that needs special care such as the elderly, are they in a home? Does that home have an emergency plan? Do you have someone at home with special needs? You will have to plan for them. You will have to take into consideration when the family is separated and what to do in this case.

7. Pets, animals, and livestock will have to be also taking into consideration in your plan. There are many people that have pets and other animals such as horses that are very near and dear to them and that are treated as family members. The list can go on and on, these are just a few items to take into consideration. It is up to you. There is tons of information available; it is a matter of finding out what will pertain to your certain situation. Hopefully if you take the time to look around this site you will find enough information to get a start toward making your Family Emergency Preparedness Plans. 

Looking for an Emergency Survival kit check these out…

Check out the next page for some lighthearted video but serious…

What To Do To Prepare for Heat Waves

There really is no one single thing that can be pinpointed as to the cause of heat waves, or extreme heat, that can happen pretty much anywhere in the world. In order for it to be called a heat wave there has to be a sudden and prolonged rise in the average temperature of an area, measured by comparing to the average temperature over the years. The following may help you to Prepare for Heat Waves.

What Causes Heat Waves? One thing that usually goes along with heat waves is high humidity. This is because heat causes water to quickly evaporate, causing high humidity. This high humidity can make a heat wave worse, because it makes it feel hotter than it is. The mark of a heat wave in the US happens when the temperature is between 40 and 44 degrees Celsius. When the local weatherperson says that there is going to be excessive heat in the near future, it generally happens within 1-3 days.

How you can prepare yourself If there is going to be a heat wave, there are some things that you can and need to do to protect yourself. One is to limit your exposure to direct sunlight and try to avoid going out in the hottest time of the day. If you have to be out in the heat, for example you have to work outside, make sure that there is someone else around, just in case the worst case scenario happens. To Prepare for Heat Waves it is important for you to remember that the longer you are exposed to the sun when there is a heat wave on, the higher your risk of suffering some heat related illness. That can include muscle cramps, heat exhaustion, and heat stroke.

Take the following steps To help Prepare for Heat Waves make sure you watch the video below. If you follow these steps, you can make sure that everyone comes out of the heat wave healthy. 1. If you live in a warm area and you have air conditioning, you need to make sure that the insulation around the air conditioner and the insulation in your house are in good shape. Bad insulation means that it can get hot inside your house, which makes your air conditioner will work harder. 2. Install weather-stripping on all entrances and exits. 3. Windows that face the sun will pick up the radiant heat adding to the heat in your home or work. Cover them with heavy drapes to stop that. 4. Keep your storm windows open so that you can get the right air circulation. 5. Stay updated. You can watch or listen to the news to keep track of the heat. You can also get a weather app for your Android or iOS device and check it frequently. 6. If you get overheated, you can take quick, frequent, cool showers throughout the day. That will help keep your core body temperature down. If you want to go out, try to go out to places that are air conditioned. Finally… While no one knows what is the exact cause of heat waves, you can learn to live with them safely. Learn all you can.

For more information on Heat-Related Illness click Here.

Watch this really good information on How To Survive A Heat Wave

Get Your 72 Hour Emergency Kit Together

In your planning you will want to consider what types of emergencies and disaster you may be faced with and plan for those types of emergencies. A great start is to get a 72 hours emergency kit together. This can be as big as you would like. You may also want to get prepared in case the emergency or disaster forces you to leave your home. This would  include your urban or rural homestead, you may have to as they say “Bug Out”.  To start out this would be an easy way to start. You could then get more prepared by having an emergency kit in your car or in a stash elsewhere.

Having put together your family 72 hour emergency kit can bring you a little feeling of safety and security. You could just go out and purchase them, but you and your family can certainly have a little fun putting one together with each other. At the same time save a little money as well.

Emergency preparation and readiness begins with having a strategy in place and also the appropriate equipment to make it through

and up to at least 72 hours, in the hopes that things will return to normal after that. Your emergency kit can defiantly be a big asset in your time of need.

  1. The first thing you need is a 3 day long supply of both food and water. 1 gallon of water each will usually do, if you would like to maintain your kit you could fill it with granola bars, and also other quick snacks and non perishable items.
  2. At the very least 1 additional change of clothing each and foot wear. This should consist of pants, t-shirt, socks and also underwear, as well you should take into account the weather and temperature level of the area you live. Perspiration tee shirts for warm climate, and thermal underwear for winter season.
  3. Add a set of rain gear for when weather is truly bad.
  4. You will also need a decent supply of both flashlights and batteries to keep them powered throughout the next 3 days. You could use a crank flashlight. The light is also for good for comfort
  5. Candles can also often be added to your 72 hour package, in addition to water proof matches, lighters, and flares.
  6. Standard toiletries are a must. You need to have tooth paste, tooth brushes, tissue paper, toilet tissue, and soap for hygienic functions.
  1. Basic medicine and prescription drugs are vital. Allergy medicines and basic pain killers are a plus. Remember 72 hours plus.
  2. Standard utensils and also various devices and equipment are also excellent to have. These will certainly include forks and spoons (can be plastic), knives, can opener, paper plates, shovel, rope, duct tape, plastic bags, tarps, a multi tool, blankets, sleeping bags,  radio, fire extinguisher, bleach, and plastic buckets can be used as a toilet just line it with a plastic bag. Also some games or activities to keep your children occupied.
  3. Do not forget feminine hygiene products! They can also be used for first aid.
  4. A first Aid Kit. Hand sanitizers, scissors, pocket knife. It is a really good idea to take a first aid course.
  5. Personal files are very important. A stash of money, your birth documents, any type of crucial legal papers, deeds, insurance documents, and even pre-paid phone cards are a good idea. Do not forget some photos.
  6. Pet Food and medication.
  7. Most important a copy of your emergency plan, including plan B.

It is always a great idea to update your 72 hour kit approximately every 6 months. The kit can be saved in almost anything that you see fit, as well as stored in your basement, wardrobe, an out building etc. as part of your emergency preparedness effort. You may sore your supplies in a Rubbermaid container; this container can also be used.

This is not too big a task but a task that can be life saving, get started.

On the next page you will find a few videos on Emergency 72 hour kits and also 72 hour Bug out Bags.

Is You Kitchen Ready?

The entire world these days are experiencing a growing number of natural catastrophes these include; cyclones, floods, snowstorms, earthquakes, tsunamis, and even basic power failures. One location for these emergencies we require to be prepared in is the kitchen. Those of us that are used to various weather conditions in their location are more than most likely somewhat prepared in the kitchen and currently have an emergency plan food strategy in place. Learn exactly what you can do to prepare your kitchen area for natural catastrophes or any type of an emergency situation that may turn up.

Canned foods right away come to mind, whether you can your own or purchase commercially-canned items. Veggies canned in a liquid are exceptional to have on hand in case of a water shortage, as the liquid can be used in exchange of fresh water in your recipe. A variety of herbs and spices, in addition to salt, are a requirement to doctor up shelf-stable foods or for whatever idea your imaginative mind might develop.

 

Pantry

Canned meats and seafood can be made use of in cold or hot dishes. Processed cheese food and dry grated Parmesan and Romano cheeses are shelf-stable and can substitute cheese taste.

Pastas, rice, and dried legumes have a long life span, but if your supply of water is restricted, they will certainly do you no good. Dry cereals can be consumed without milk or with canned juice as a treat or a dish on the run, children really like this. Pasteurized milk is now available in boxes which will definitely keep in your cabinets as much as 6 months and can be discovered in handy for making a fast sauce. Powdered and vaporized canned milk are additional backups.

Dehydrated onions and mushrooms, together with canned vegetable juices, are fantastic for soups, stews, and dutch oven dishes with the added benefit of decreasing the requirement for added salt due to the concentrated taste. Dry soup bases and gravy blends can likewise work as a basis for stews and soups.

Cooking oil will certainly be needed for frying foods or making a base to thicken stews and sauces. Olive oil will certainly be fantastic unrefrigerated for a few months, and a really long time in cool weather condition. Jarred mayonnaise is shelf-stable. You might wish to equip yourself with small containers that can be used quickly. It has preservatives, it will certainly separate after opening if not cooled or kept on ice.

Flour and baking mix will definitely last for roughly 1 year on the shelf while salt, honey, and sugar are long enduring as long as they are properly stored in sealed packages or water resistant containers.

A really good video on the next page on kitchen pantry essentials.